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In CCHA competition, his teams have won 11 regular-season and 9 tournament titles. On January 10, , Berenson became the fourth coach in Division I men's hockey history reach career wins. Berenson was named the —16 Big Ten Coach of the Year after leading the Wolverines to a 22—7—5 regular-season record, including a 12—5—3—2 record in Big Ten play. On April 10, , Berenson announced his retirement as head coach of the Michigan Wolverine men's ice hockey team following 33 years. He finished his career with an ——92 record in 1, games, and helped lead Michigan to a record 36 NCAA tournament appearances.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 28 December Retrieved January 10, Retrieved March 14, Retrieved April 10, Founded in Based in St. Louis Blues Hockey Club, Inc. Louis Arena Enterprise Center. Michigan Wolverines men's ice hockey.
Weinberg Coliseum — Yost Ice Arena —present. Brendan Morrison Kevin Porter On the basis of these hearings, the working group backed off from the notion of eliminating the capitalisation of all nouns.
At a third conference in Vienna in , the results were recommended to the respective governments for acceptance. The German ministers of education decided to implement the new rules on 1 August , with a transitional period lasting until the — school year.
On 1 July , all of the German states Bundesländer , and the countries of Austria , Switzerland , and Liechtenstein , as well as some other countries with German-speaking minorities but notably not Luxembourg agreed to introduce the new spelling by 1 August A few German Bundesländer introduced the new rules starting from the —97 school year.
The reforms did not attract much attention from the general public until after the international declaration of intent was signed. Animated arguments arose about the correctness of the decision, with schoolteachers being the first to be faced with the implementation of the new rules. The protest gained further nationwide significance through initiatives such as Wir Lehrer gegen die Rechtschreibreform We Teachers Against the Spelling Reform ,  which was headed by the teacher and activist Manfred Riebe.
In May , the "Society for German Spelling and Language Cultivation — initiative against the spelling reform"  Verein für deutsche Rechtschreibung und Sprachpflege e. VRS — Initiative gegen die Rechtschreibreform was founded in opposition to the German spelling reform. The issue was taken up in the courts, with different decisions in different German states, so that the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany Bundesverfassungsgericht was called upon to make a ruling.
On 14 July , after one hearing on 12 May , and involving only one teachers' organisation, the High Court declared that the introduction of the spelling reform by the ministers of education was legal. In the German state of Schleswig-Holstein , a majority of voters in a referendum on 27 September called for a return to traditional spellings. However, the minister-president of the state, Heide Simonis , found a way to reverse the results of the referendum via a parliamentary vote in While the new German dictionaries were published in July and August , the critics of the language reform perceived themselves to be justified.
They began to demand the reversal of the change at the federal level. However, the ministers of education continued to refuse to accede to their demands. The editors of the Duden dictionaries also agreed that many of the problems in the traditional spelling system were due to the "arcane rules" that had been fabricated to explain the system, thus lending their support to the new spelling system, which they said was and is more logical.
In , an international committee was formed to handle any cases of doubt that might arise under the new rules. In , the German federal minister of education and research , Edelgard Bulmahn , announced that this committee was to be given wide-ranging powers to make decisions about German spelling. Only in cases of extreme changes, such as the proposed capitalisation change, would the committee require the consent of the states' ministers of education.
This move was strongly criticised. Simultaneously, the committee released its fourth report on spelling reforms, reviewing the points of the reform in detail.
However, this report was rejected by the Conference of Ministers of Education in March The ministers also demanded that the committee work together with the German Academy for Language and Poetry in its future deliberations. The academy had been strongly critical of the reform from the beginning. The ministers also made changes to the composition of the international committee. In July , the ministers decided to introduce some changes to the reform, making both the traditional and the new spellings acceptable.
They also formed a Council for German Orthography , "38 experts from five countries", representing linguists, publishers, writers, journalists, teachers and parents. Taking the place of the existing international committee, the Council agreed unanimously to implement the uncontroversial parts of the reform, while allowing compromises on other changes: The spelling change is based on the international agreement of 1 July , signed on behalf of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland.
There have been no Bundestag parliamentary decisions on the reforms. Instead, as mentioned above, the German Supreme Court ruled that the reform in the public schools could be decided by the ministers of education. Thus, as of 1 August , the traditional spelling system was to be considered incorrect in the schools, except that two of the German states, Bavaria and North Rhine-Westphalia , had both officially rejected the reform.
Since , the new rules have become compulsory in Bavarian and North Rhine-Westphalian public schools as well. It is presumed that from the schools the writing reforms will spread to the German-speaking public. As of [update] , most German printed media used spelling rules that to a large extent comply with the reforms.
Still, some newspapers, including Die Zeit , the Neue Zürcher Zeitung , the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , and the Süddeutsche Zeitung , created their own in-house orthography rules, while most other newspapers used approximately the rules set out by the DPA.
Schoolbooks and children's books generally follow the new spellings, while the text of novels is presented as the authors prefer. Classic works of literature are typically printed without any changes, unless they are editions specifically intended for use in schools. Since dictionaries adopted the new spellings early on, there is no currently in-print, standard reference work available for traditional spellings.
The commerce in used copies of the older Duden dictionaries has dwindled. As of the edition, the Duden dictionary includes the most recent changes proposed by the ministers of education.
Liechtenstein follows the same spelling system as Switzerland. Due to the nature of the topic, most books and papers regarding the German spelling reform appeared in the German language. The following list includes authors who are responsible for the definition of the imposed changes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues.
Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.
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Archived from the original PDF on Bibliographisches Institut GmbH; Dudenverlag. Retrieved 8 January Ständiger Ausschuss für geographische Namen. Es wird aber dringend empfohlen, die neue Rechtschreibung anzuwenden. Retrieved 27 May Zur Neuregelung der deutschen Orthographie. Niemeyer, , VI, S. Ein Kapitel aus der politischen Geschichte der deutschen Sprache. Wallstein-Verlag, , S. Über den Sonderweg der deutschen Rechtschreibreformer. Junge Welt vom 3. April — online Friedrich Denk: An invention is not "possessed" absent some known or obvious way to make it.
In re Hoeksema , F. Therefore, a person of ordinary skill in the art would reasonably expect that such structurally similar zirconia-based coatings would likewise share other similar properties, such as abradability. In re Mayne , F. There is no such evidence of unexpected results, or indeed of any results, present in the instant application comparing the claimed composition with Schriewer' s disclosed compound. This analysis is consistent with Wilder, where the court found that "one who claims a compound, per se, which is structurally similar to a prior art compound must rebut the presumed expectation that the structurally similar compounds have similar properties.
Wiechert In re Wiechert , F. It is our function as a court to decide disputed issues, not to create them. When determining whether a rejection based on design choice is appropriate, the Examiner must review the Specification and ascertain if the limitation in question is disclosed as serving any advantage or particular purpose, or whether it solves a stated problem.
The Examiner also should explain the reasoning used to determine that the prior art would have performed equally as well as the claimed invention. Fine In rejecting claims under 35 U. See In re Fine , F. KOTZAB [I]dentification in the prior art of each individual part claimed is insufficient to defeat patentability of the whole claimed invention.
Because the desire to enhance commercial opportunities by improving a product or process is universal - and even common-sensical - we have held that there exists in these situations a motivation to combine prior art references even absent any hint of suggestion in the references themselves. In such situations, the proper question is whether the ordinary artisan possesses knowledge and skills rendering him capable of combining the prior art references.
When the patentability of dependent claims is not argued separately, the claims stand or fall with the claims from which they depend. In re King , F. This is because one of ordinary skill in the art need not see an applicant's identical problem addressed in a prior art reference to be motivated to apply its teachings. Dillon It is well settled that the prior art need not disclose the same purpose for a claimed method in order to establish its obviousness under 35 U.
In re Kahn , F. In re Preda , F. LAMBERTI [A] reference disclosure is not limited only to its preferred embodiments, but is available for all that it discloses and suggests to one of ordinary skill in the art. In re Lamberti , F. However, [a]ssertions of technical facts in areas of esoteric technology must always be supported by citation to some reference work recognized as standard in the pertinent art and the appellant given, in the Patent Office, the opportunity to challenge the correctness of the assertion or the notoriety or repute of the cited reference.
The Examiner may take notice of facts or common knowledge in the art which are capable of such instant and unquestionable demonstration as to defy dispute. In re Ahlert , F. Although it is it is permissible to rely on "official notice" in making rejections, such knowledge must be capable of instant and unquestionable demonstration as being well-known.
This is not the case here, in the practice field of fluid dynamics, these facts are not capable of instant and unquestionable demonstration as being well-known. Moreover, the court held, facts officially noticed should not constitute the principal evidence upon which a rejection is based. Thus, mere assertions of fact, unsupported by evidence of record and an explanation, are not persuasive. To adequately traverse the Examiner's finding of Official Notice, Appellants' traversal must contain information or argument that is adequate to create, on its face, a reasonable doubt as to the circumstances justifying the Examiner's notice.
Appellants must specifically point out the supposed errors in the Examiner's action, which would include stating why the noticed fact is not considered to be common knowledge or well known in the art.
The question of obviousness is "based on underlying factual determinations including. While recognizing that in some cases the particular shape of a product is of no patentable significance, the Board held in this case the shape chips is important because it results in a product which is distinct from the reference product french fries.
We are also not persuaded by the Examienr's design choice argument relying on In re Rose. In Rose, the invention was drawn to lumber packages formed into bundles with encircling bands, which could be lifted by hand in the prior art, but where the claimed packages required a lift truck.
In re Rose , F. Changes in Shape DAILEY However, it is well settled that it is an obvious matter of design choice to change the general shape or size of a known element in the absence of a disclosed non-obvious advantage associated with the change.
In re Dailey , F. Changes in Sequence of Adding Ingredients. See also In re Burhans , F. See In re Lindberg , F. The court affirmed the rejection holding, among other reasons, "that the use of a one piece construction instead of the structure disclosed in [the prior art] would be merely a matter of obvious engineering choice.
As stated in In re Larson, F. In Larson, after eliminating the additional structure, the disclosed device still provided certain benefits, just not the specific additional benefit associated with the additional structure. In contrast, here, the evidence of record shows that removal of the material at issue from the embodiment shown in Figure 9 of Andronica would actually undermine the sole stated purpose of that embodiment: Adams , U.
Making Separable The Examiner sets forth an alternative rationale:
Vor einem Jahr wurde in den meisten Medien die neue Rechtschreibung eingeführt.
Showing That the Prior Art Teaches Away Aller "[I]t is not inventive to discover the optimum or workable ranges by routine experimentation. Berichte und Dokumente zur Neuregelung der deutschen Rechtschreibung.